Top 11 Types of Stones Used for Building Constructions | Types of Stones in Civil Engineering

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In the construction materials variety of different types of stones used in construction are available such as Granite, Marble, Basalt, Quartzite, Slate, Sandstone, Lime Stone, Gneiss, Laterite, Kankar, and Moorum which can be used in construction as useful materials. But only 5% of people have the right knowledge.

So Civil Experience have to select the best stone for construction according to the requirement of construction project work like stone sizes for construction, small stones for construction, stone for road construction, mortar for stone wall construction so your quarry what types of stones do we have in construction is solved in this civil experience best civil engineering blog.

Each and every condition has a unique idea of the solution, therefore, join CivilExperience to gain brief knowledge about Stones Used for Building Constructions.

Types of Stones

    The stones which are used in building construction must have some characteristic of stone like hard, durable, tough, and free from cracks and other defects which reduce strength and durability

    Stones Used for Building Constructions

    Top Types Of Stones Used For Building Constructions | Types Of Stones In Civil Engineering

    Each and every type of stone is used for different kinds of work as best for special construction applications and on other stones replace its characteristic of stone for best utility based on its properties of construction stone.

    Like granite and basalt have the ability of high compressive strength and presence of deleterious materials which makes them best suitable construction materials for minor construction works like gnei and some stone specially used for decorative motive

    Characteristic of types of stone with suitability

    The difference between building stone and comparison is provided in detail.

    Also Read: What is stone pavement? with Advantages & Disadvantages

    Difference Between Types of Stones

    Type of Stone



    Granite or Syenite

    Granite Most suitable for important engineering works like bridge piers, dams, retaining walls etc

    Used for cladding of exterior facing of buildings walls

    Used as coarse aggregates in concrete

    Fine-grained granite offers high resistance to weathering

    Used as a damp proof course (DPC)

    It can be easily polished and worked

    Excess of felspar causes early decay

    Low Water absorption is less than 1%

    Hard and durable

    Compressive strength 100MPa to 250Mpa

    Good resistance to weathering and frost but poor for fire

    Colour change light grey to pink with time


    Marble Most suitable for monuments, ornamental works

    Flooring and decorative works like an electric switch, boards also

    Specific gravity is 2.65

    Compressive strength 70MPa to 75Mpa

    Uniform in texture

    Easy in shape and cut

    Basalt (traps)

    Basalt suitable for Road metal (stone base for road construction)

    Used as aggregates in concrete

    Also used as rubble masonry work like bridge piers, walls of the river

    High specific gravity like 2.6 to 3

    High compressive strength 200MPa to 350Mpa

    Per meter cube weight is between 18KN/m3 to 30KN/m3

    Basalt is well resistant to weather

    Impermeable to moisture

    Colour change dark grey to black with time


    Quartzite suitable for Railway ballast

    Road metal

    Used as coarse aggregates in concrete

    Crashing strength of Quartzite is 55 N/mm2


    Slate – Used in cisterns

    Used in Damp proofings and also in roofing

    Excellent roof covering materials

    Verity available in colour, thickness

    Specific gravity is 2.89

    Compressive strengthod slate 70MPa to 190Mpa


    Sandstone – Highly used in Tile stone (roofing)

    Flagstone (paving)

    Girt (Heavy work)

    Natural (ornamental)

    Also used in masonry works

    Variety of color such as white, grey, red, yellow, dark grey, and brown

    Specific gravity is 1.90 to 2.95

    Compressive strength of Sandstone 30MPa to 150Mpa

    Quartz, Lime, Silica

    Lime Stone

    Lime Stone – All limestone not useful in the construction of the building

    Used in flooring, roofing, paving, and walls also

    In the manufacture of lime and cement

    Specific gravity of Lime stone is 2-2.75

    Crashing strength is 55 N/mm2

    Affected by frost and atoms

    Easy too dressed and fine polish


    Gneiss used as Rough stone in works like street pavings

    Available in pink, dark grey, purple, light grey, and greenish-grey

    Quartz and felspar

    Strong and durable

    Compressive strength 45MPa to 180Mpa


    Laterite is Good for road metal

    Available in a yellow, grey, and brownish color



    Sandy claystone

    Laterite Compressive strength 1.9MPa to 2.3Mpa

    Strength increase with seasoning


    Kankar – Foundation of building

    Irregular in shape

    Impure limestone


    Moorum – Fancy paths like garden walks

    Decomposed laterite

    Your problem such as types of stones used in construction, types of stones used for construction in india, different types of stones used in construction, types of stones in construction, types of stones used in road construction, what types of stones do we have in construction, different types of stones for construction and their places present in tabulation form, types of stones used in building construction, types of stones used in construction pdf is solved in civil experience blog.

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    FAQ 1: What is Compressive strength of Granite or Syenite?

    Compressive strength of Granite or Syenite is 100MPa to 250Mpa.

    FAQ 2: What is Compressive strength of Marble?

    Compressive strength of Marble is 70MPa to 75Mpa.

    Civil Experience
    Author Aakash Dudhat

    It is my pleasure to welcome you to, a website created and managed by Dudhat Aakash. In addition to having a Bachelor's degree in Civil Engineering

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