National Parks in India | National Parks of India List

National Parks in India | National Parks of India List - What is a National Park? - Important Keypoint Related National Park - Objectives many more

National Parks are the protected areas that are observed and declared by the Government of India to preserve wildlife, save flora & fauna, and restore the natural ecological balance. Here we make a list of 105 National Parks in India along with the details of their location, area, keypoint, and year of establishment.  Also, know the basic difference between a national park and a wildlife sanctuary here in the Civil Experience best study blog which you don't want to miss.

National Parks in India

    What is a National Park?

    National park is an area that is strictly reserved area for wildlife and biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, poaching, forestry, grazing, and hunting on cultivation are not permitted.

    A national park is a natural habitat set aside by any state's government for the preservation of its natural environment. A national park may be used for the purposes of recreation or because of its scientific or historical significance.

    In India areas secured under Act 35(A) under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 are called National Parks.

    Important Keypoint Related National Park

    The government can declare an area as a national park with adequate ecological, geomorphological, and natural significance.

    • In these parks, even private ownership rights are not allowed.
    • Boundaries of the national parks of India are well marked and circumscribed.
    • They are usually small reserves spreading in an area of 100 sq. km. to 500 sq. km.
    • In national parks, the emphasis is on the preservation of a single floral or fauna species.

    Thanks to India’s biodiversity, there is at least one national park in each state that displays the vivid flora and fauna of the region.

    Objectives of National Parks

    1. National Parks contribute to the conservation of wide-ranging species, regional ecological processes, and migration routes.
    2. Parks maintain viable and ecologically functional populations in the areas assigned
    3. They aid in the cultural, ecological, and educational development of the natural resources in the protected area
    4. An entire ecosystem of the area is protected by Central or State Government

    World's First National Park

    The world's first National Park was the Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, USA, and India got its first National Park when Jim Corbett, Uttarkhand was made in 1936, which was then called Hailey National park.

    Which is the Largest National Park in India?

    Hemis National Park, Jammu & Kashmir is the Largest National Park in India.

    Which is the Smallest National Park?

    South Button Island National Park, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands are the Smallest National Park.

    Which is the Largest Wildlife Sanctuary in India?

    Rann of Kutch, Gujarat is the Largest Wildlife Sanctuary in India.

    Which is the Smallest Wildlife Sanctuary?

    Bor Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra is the Smallest Wildlife Sanctuary.

    Which is the First Marine National Park?

    Gulf of Kutchh National Park is the First Marine National Park.

    Which is the Floating National Park?

    Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur is the Floating National Park.

    How many national parks are there in India?

    The total number of National Parks in India is 105.

    National Parks of India List

    Here is the state wise list of National Parks in India.

    National Parks in Andaman & Nicobar Islands

    Andaman & Nicobar Islands has total 9 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    1. Campbell Bay National Park
    2. Galathea Bay National Park
    3. Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park
    4. Middle Button Island National Park
    5. Mount Harriett National Park
    6. North Button Island National Park
    7. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
    8. Saddle Peak National Park
    9. South Button Island National Park
    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Andaman & Nicobar Islands Campbell Bay National Park 1992 426.23
    Galathea Bay National Park 1992 110
    Mahatama Gandhi Marine (Wandoor) National Park 1982 281.5
    Middle Button Island National Park 1979 64
    Mount Harriett National Park 1987 46.62
    North Button Island National Park 1979 114
    Rani Jhansi Marine National Park 1996 320.06
    Saddle Peak National Park 1987 32.54
    South Button Island National Park 1987 5  

    National Parks in Andhra Pradesh

    Andhra Pradesh has total 3 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    1. Papikonda National Park
    2. Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram)
    3. Sri Venkateswara
    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Andhra Pradesh Papikonda National Park 2008 1012.8588
    Rajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) 2005 2.3952
    Sri Venkateswara 1989 353.62

    National Parks in Arunachal Pradesh

    Arunachal Pradesh has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Arunachal Pradesh Mouling National Park 1986 483
    Namdapha National Park 1983 1807.82

    National Parks in Assam

    Assam has total 5 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Assam Dibru-Saikhowa National Park 1999 340
    Kaziranga National Park 1974 858.98
    Manas National Park 1990 500
    Nameri National Park 1998 200
    Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park 1999 78.81

    National Parks in Bihar

    Bihar has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Bihar Valmiki National Park 1989 335.65

    National Parks in Chhattisgarh

    Chhattisgarh has total 3 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Chhattisgarh Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park 1981 1440.71
    Nameri National Park 1982 1258.37
    Kanger Valley National Park 1982 200

    National Parks in Goa

    Goa has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Goa Mollem National Park 1992 107

    National Parks in Gujarat

    Gujarat has total 4 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Gujarat Vansda National Park 1979 23.99
    Blackbuck (Velavadar) National Park 1976 34.53
    Gir National Park 1975 258.71
    Marine (Gulf of Kachchh) National Park 1982 1962.89

    National Parks in Haryana

    Haryana has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Haryana Kalesar National Park 2003 46.82
    SultaNational Parkur National Park 1989 1.43

    National Parks in Himachal Pradesh

    Himachal Pradesh has total 5 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Himachal Pradesh Great Himalayan National Park 1984 754.4
    Inderkilla National Park 2010 94
    Pin Valley National Park 1987 675
    Khirganga National Park 2010 705
    Simbalbara National Park 2010 27.88

    National Parks in Jammu and Kashmir

    Jammu and Kashmir have total 4 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Jammu and KashmirCity Forest (Salim Ali) National Park 1992 9.07
    Dachigam National Park 1981 141
    Kishtwar National Park 1981 2191.5
    Kazinag 2000 90.88

    National Parks in Jharkhand

    Jharkhand has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    JharkhandBetla National Park 1986 1026

    National Parks in Karnataka

    Karnataka has total 5 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    KarnatakaAnshi National Park 1987 1300
    Bandipur National Park 1974 868.6
    Bannerghatta National Park 1974 260.5
    Kudremukh National Park 1987 600.57
    Nagarahole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park 1988 642.4

    National Parks in Kerala

    Kerala has total 6 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    KeralaAnamudi Shola National Park 2003 7.5
    Eravikulam National Park 1978 97
    Mathikettan Shola National Park 2003 12.82
    Pambadum Shola National Park 2003 1.32
    Periyar National Park 1982 350
    Silent Valley National Park 1984 89.52

    National Parks in Madhya Pradesh

    Madhya Pradesh has total 9 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Madhya PradeshBandhavgarh National Park 1968 448.842
    Fossil National Park 1983 0.27
    Indira Priyadarshini Pench National Park 1975 292.857
    Kanha National Park 1955 941.793
    Madhav National Park 1905 375.23
    Panna National Park 1981 542.66
    Sanjay National Park 1981 464.643
    Satpura National Park 1981 528.729
    Van Vihar National Park 1979 4.452

    National Parks in Maharashtra

    Maharashtra has total 6 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    MaharashtraChandoli National Park 2004 317.67
    Gugamal National Park 1975 361.28
    Nawegaon National Park 1975 133.88
    Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park 1975 257.26
    Sanjay Gandhi (Borivali) National Park 1983 86.96
    Tadoba National Park 1955 116.55

    National Parks in Manipur

    Manipur has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    ManipurKeibul-Lamjao National Park 1977 40
    Shiroi 1982 100

    National Parks in Meghalaya

    Meghalaya has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    MeghalayaBalphakram National Park 1986 220
    Nokrek Ridge National Park 1997 47.48

    National Parks in Mizoram

    Mizoram has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    MizoramMurlen 1991 100
    Phawngpui (Blue Mountain) 1992 50

    National Parks in Nagaland

    Nagaland has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    NagalandIntanki 1993 202.02

    National Parks in Odisha

    Odisha has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    OdishaBhitarkanika 1988 145
    Simlipal 1980 845.7

    National Parks in Rajasthan

    Rajasthan has total 5 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    RajasthanDesert 1992 3162
    Keoladeo Ghana 1981 28.73
    Mukundra Hills 2006 200.54
    Ranthambhore 1980 282
    Sariska 1992 273.8

    National Parks in Sikkim

    Sikkim has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    SikkimKhangchendzonga 1977 1784

    National Parks in Tamil Nadu

    Tamil Nadu has total 5 National Parks and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Tamil NaduGuindy 1976 2.7057
    Gulf of Mannar Marine 1980 526.02
    Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) 1989 117.1
    Mudumalai 1990 103.23
    Mukurthi 1990 78.46

    National Parks in Ladakh

    Ladakh has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    LadakhHemis 1981 3350

    National Parks in Telangana

    Telangana has total 3 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Telangana Kasu Brahmananda Reddy 1994 1.425
    Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali 1994 14.59
    Mrugavani 1994 3.6

    National Parks in Tripura

    Tripura has total 2 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Tripura Clouded Leopard 2007 5.08
    Bison (Rajbari) 2007 31.63

    National Parks in Uttar Pradesh

    Uttar Pradesh has total 1 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    Uttar Pradesh Dudhwa 1977 490

    National Parks in Uttarakhand

    Uttarakhand has total 6 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    UttarakhandCorbett 1936 520.82
    Gangotri 1989 2390.02
    Govind 1990 472.08
    Nanda Devi 1982 624.6
    Rajaji 1983 820
    Valley of Flowers 1982 87.5

    National Parks in West Bengal

    West Bengal has total 6 National Parks. and list of parks is provided below

    Name of State National Parks Name Establishment Year Park Area (in km2)
    West BengalBuxa 1992 117.1
    Gorumara 1992 79.45
    Jaldapara 2014 216.34
    Neora Valley 1986 159.8917
    Singalila 1986 78.6
    Sunderban 1984 1330.1

    What is the most beautiful national park?

    Most Beautiful National Parks in the USA

    • Zion National Park
    • Yosemite National Park
    • Canyonlands & Arches National Park
    • Rocky Mountain National Park
    • Yellowstone National Park
    • Grand Teton National Park
    • Glacier National Park
    • Grand Canyon National Park

    What are the best 7 national parks for a Trip Travel?

    1. Grand Teton National Park
    2. Grand Canyon National Park
    3. Zion National Park
    4. Denali National Park and Preserve
    5. Yellowstone National Park
    6. Glacier National Park
    7. Hawaii Volcanoes National Park

    FAQ 1: What is a National Park?

    National park is an area that is strictly reserved area for wildlife and biodiversity, and where activities like developmental, poaching, forestry, grazing, and hunting on cultivation are not permitted.

    FAQ 2: World's First National Park

    The world's first National Park was the Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, USA, and India got its first National Park when Jim Corbett, Uttarkhand was made in 1936, which was then called Hailey National park.

    FAQ 3: Which is the Largest National Park in India?

    Hemis National Park, Jammu & Kashmir is the Largest National Park in India.

    FAQ 4: Which is the Smallest National Park?

    South Button Island National Park, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands are the Smallest National Park.

    FAQ 5: Which is the First Marine National Park?

    Gulf of Kutchh National Park is the First Marine National Park.

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