olNGIb4NkK5r2x7x4oG3GpEzizVpnY6KNCck9cym

Constituents of Good Brick Earth | Unsustainable Brick Constituent

In this article, we can take a look on What are the constituents of good brick earth? and What constituents render bricks earth unsuitable for manufacturing bricks?

    Constituents of Good Brick Earth

    First, we discuss Constituents of good brick earth which play a great role in manufacturing brick

    Alumina

    It is the principal component of the bricks earth and good brick earth must contain about 20-30% alumina.

    Constituents of Good Brick Earth | Unsustainable Brick Constituent

    Alumina gives plasticity to the earth thereby making the moulding of bricks earth easier.

    However excess alumina leads to shrinkage and warping of bricks.

    Silica

    50 to 60% silica in good brick earth is desirable. 

    Silica exists in clay either free or in combined form. It prevents shrinkage, warping and cracking of bricks apart from imparting a uniform shape to the bricks. 

    However excess silica destroys the cohesion between the particles of the bricks earth and the bricks become brittle.

    Iron Oxide

    About 5 to 6% iron oxide is desirable in good brick earth.

    Iron oxide gives a red colour to bricks.

    Excess of iron oxide leads to dark colouration in bricks like dark blue or blackish colour.

    However less quantity of iron oxide makes the bricks yellowish in colour.

    Lime

    About less than 5% of lime should be present in good brick earth. It should be in the very finely divided powder form.

    It prevents shrinkage of bricks.

    Excess of lime causes bricks to melt thereby losing their shape.

    Magnesia

    A very small quantity of magnesia gives the yellow colour to bricks.

    It also decreases shrinkage.

    Unsustainable Brick Constituent

    Now, we learn something about Constituents that make the bricks of earth unsustainable

    Pebbles

    Pebbles in brick earth does not allow uniform mixing of clay thereby leading to weak and porous bricks.

    Iron Pyrites

    Iron pyrites cause the bricks to disintegrate on burning because of the oxidation of iron.

    Alkalies

    Alkalies (particularly soda and potash) acts as a flux in the kiln and they cause bricks to fuse.

    Also, alkalies absorb water from the bricks masonry.

    This moisture on evaporations leaves behind a white patch on the surface of bricks masonry.

    Vegetation

    Presence of vegetation and other organic matter in brick earth aids in burning.

    However such matters if remains partially burnt then bricks will become porous due to the evolution of gases on burning.

    Lime

    Excess lime makes the bricks lose their shape.

    Also Read: Composition of Good Brick Earth | Function of brick Ingredients
    FAQ 1: Which are Unsustainable Brick Constituent?

    Pebbles, Iron Pyrites, Alkalies, Vegetation, Excess Lime

    FAQ 2: Proportion of alumina in brick earth?

    20% to 30%

    Related Posts
    Civil Experience
    Civil Experience is a valuable informational resource for civil engineers; students. Information, Articles are categorized into sections. The biggest civil engineering portal on the internet. Follow us on: Telegram || Facebook || Instagram || Twitter || YouTube || Quora || Google News

    Related Posts

    Post a Comment

    Middle Ads